• 哈萨克斯坦流行性脑膜炎致13死 中使馆提醒防范 2019-07-20
  • 我写文章不是为了别人的赞许,是为了讨论问题,让人有思考的价值,就像你网名一样,探寻真理。我并非就全盘赞成市场经济,只是在讨论它的合理性,在文中也提问,“既然我们 2019-07-18
  • 《脱身》热播 万茜化身“黄俪文”反差十足 2019-07-18
  • 五家渠市开展2018年春季动物疫病防控及畜牧业安全生产监督检查工作 2019-07-13
  • 端午节重庆小朋友齐手为大象制作超级大粽 2019-07-13
  • 【91期】裴勇佛教为什么成为“被商业化”的背锅侠 2019-06-11
  • 以政府拟严打“乱拍摄”以军行为 最高10年监禁 2019-06-11
  • 住房和城乡建设部部长王蒙徽:房价过快上涨势头得到有效抑制 2019-06-09
  • 马来西亚客机乌俄边界被击落 2019-06-05
  • 【学习时刻】清华大学国情研究院院长胡鞍钢:稳中求进不仅对中国有利,对全球也是重要贡献 2019-05-30
  • 吕岛的专栏作者中国国家地理网 2019-05-30
  • 特写:中国端午节文化走进韩国校园 2019-05-29
  • 如何制作、存储腌腊肉?闻着有“哈喇味”就千万别吃了 2019-05-26
  • 当故宫文化遇见“东方之珠” 将擦出怎样的火花? 2019-05-26
  • 江西省第33届“爱鸟周”正式启动 2019-05-05

  • 北京赛车pk10基本走势图每天学英语新概念六级音标词汇语法四级研究生大学高中初中小学少儿演讲有声圣经VOA商务雅思

    您所在的位置: 北京赛车pk10基本走势图 > 听力资料 > 在线视听资料 >...> 2008年VOA慢速英语 > VOA慢速5月份 > 正文

    站内搜索:

    小提示:学单词背单词请到大耳朵免费在线背单词系统
    ego/['i:ɡəʊ]/ n. 自我 ...

    北京赛车pk10亚军走势图:VOA慢速20080515 THE MAKING OF A NATION - US History_ Adams Avoids War With France, Signs Alien and Sed

    The Making of a Nation - US History: Adams Avoids War With France, Signs Alien and Sedition Acts

    By Christine Johnson 2008-5-14

    Welcome to THE MAKING OF A NATION – an American history series in VOA Special English. This week on our program, we continue the story of America's second president, John Adams. Here are Maurice Joyce and Richard Rael.

    VOICE TWO:

    John Adams took office in seventeen ninety-seven. He had served eight years as vice president under President George Washington. Now, state electors had chosen him to govern the new nation.

    Adams was an intelligent man. He was a true patriot and an able diplomat. But he did not like party politics. This weakness caused trouble during his presidency. For, during the late seventeen hundreds, two political parties struggled for power. He was caught in the middle.

    VOICE ONE:

    Adams was a member of the Federalist Party. As president, he should have been party leader. But this position belonged to a man who really knew how to get and use political power, Alexander Hamilton. Hamilton served as treasury secretary under President Washington. Now, he was a private citizen, a lawyer in New York City.

    Through the Federalist Party, Hamilton continued to have great influence over the national government. Federalists loyal to Hamilton controlled the Congress. Even President Adams' three cabinet ministers were loyal to Hamilton. In fact, they worked together against the new president.

    This political situation made Adams' term in office very difficult. Yet strangely, it also led to the end of Federalist Party power.

    VOICE TWO:

    Two major issues marked Adams' presidency. One concerned foreign policy. The other concerned the rights of citizens.

    The first involved America's relations with France.

    Federalists, in general, were men of wealth and position. They did not believe in democracy, rule by the people. For this reason, they strongly opposed the revolution in France. They were horrified by the execution of the French king and queen. Federalists wanted an alliance with Britain. Over time, they demanded war with France.

    (MUSIC)

    VOICE ONE:

    American support for France came from the opposition party, the Republicans. The leader of that party was the country's vice president, Thomas Jefferson.

    France helped America win its war for independence from Britain. The friendship formed during the war continued afterward when Thomas Jefferson served as Minister to Paris. Relations began to turn bad as soon as he returned home.

    The man who replaced him openly supported the French monarchy -- the losing side in the revolution. After the revolution succeeded, the new French government demanded that he leave.

    VOICE TWO:

    Most Federalists did not want good relations with France. They used their power to prevent the government from sending a pro-French representative to Paris. They also searched for any signs of insult, any excuse to declare war.

    President Adams did not agree with the majority of Federalists. He wanted to improve relations with France through negotiations. Yet he said the United States would strengthen its defenses. We will be ready, he said, if war comes.

    VOICE ONE:

    One incident, especially, brought the two nations close to war. It is known in American history books as the "X, Y and Z Affair."

    President Adams had appointed a committee of three ministers to negotiate with the French government. French officials kept these three men waiting for several weeks. While they waited, they had a visit from three Frenchmen -- later called X, Y and Z.

    X, Y and Z told the Americans that France would sign an agreement if the United States did three things.

    It had to lend the French government twelve million dollars. It had to apologize for anti-French statements in a recent message from President Adams to the American Congress. And it had to pay the French foreign minister two hundred fifty thousand dollars.

    VOICE TWO:

    The American ministers were willing to pay. But they wanted to sign the agreement first. The French foreign minister refused. First the money, then the agreement.

    The Federalists finally had the excuse they were looking for. France had insulted the United States. We must answer the insult. The only answer was war. Federalist newspapers added fuel to the fire by publishing anti-French propaganda. In a few places, pro-war groups became violent.

    The Republican Party could do little. Even Thomas Jefferson was helpless. He remained in Philadelphia, the capital of the United States at that time. But he had few friends there anymore.

    (MUSIC)

    VOICE ONE:

    Congress quickly passed laws to create a permanent army and navy. It also approved new taxes to pay for them.

    Two new laws passed by a small vote. But they greatly increased the powers of the national government. The laws were known as the Alien and Sedition Acts. Federalists said they were necessary to protect national security. But, in effect, the Federalists used them to weaken the power of the Republican Party.

    VOICE TWO:

    Under the Alien Act, the president could accuse any foreigner living in the United States of being a threat to national security. He could order that person out of the country.

    The act also increased the time a foreigner had to wait to become a citizen, from five years to fourteen years.

    Republicans were furious. Most foreigners, when they became naturalized citizens, joined the Republican Party.

    Republicans argued that the Alien Act violated the Constitution. They said it gave the government more powers than were stated in the Constitution. Federalists said the act was Constitutional. They said the Constitution gave the government the right to defend the country against foreign aggression.

    VOICE ONE:

    The other law, the Sedition Act, barred the publication of anything that might incite public hostility against the government.

    Republicans argued that this act violated Americans' Constitutional rights of free speech and a free press. Federalists, once again, defended it as necessary for national security.

    The Federalists tried to use the Sedition Act to quiet Republican critics of President Adams' administration. About twenty-five persons were charged under the Sedition act. These included several leading Republican newspapermen and a Republican member of Congress.

    Some of the men were tried and found guilty and sent to prison. But other Republicans took their places in the fight against the act. The Federalist plan to stop criticism did not succeed.

    VOICE TWO:

    President Adams had signed the Alien and Sedition Acts into law. He believed they were necessary to protect the United States at a time when war with France was still possible.

    Then, in early seventeen ninety-nine, Adams received several reports that France was ready to reopen negotiations on improving relations. He immediately nominated a new minister to France. Federalist senators threatened to reject the nomination. In the end, Adams agreed to nominate a committee of three ministers. The Senate approved them.

    VOICE ONE:

    It was many months before the three men went to France to negotiate the agreement. And it was many more months before they completed their work. But they did so on September thirtieth, eighteen hundred.

    After several years of bitter political struggle at home, President Adams finally prevented war with France. Later he wrote: "There is one thing I would like to be remembered for more than anything else. I gave myself the task of making peace with France. And I succeeded."

    VOICE TWO:

    The year eighteen hundred was another presidential election year in the United States. The Federalist Party appeared to be dying. It failed in its effort to force the nation into war with France. And it failed to silence its critics through the Alien and Sedition Acts. Party leaders knew the election would be their last chance to keep political power.

    The Republican Party had more popular support. It also had gained an increasing number of seats in state legislatures and the national Congress. Party leader Thomas Jefferson was sure to be elected president -- unless the Federalists could find a way to change the electoral process.

    That will be our story next week.

    (MUSIC)

    ANNOUNCER:

    Our program was written by Christine Johnson. The narrators were Maurice Joyce and Richard Rael. Join us again for THE MAKING OF A NATION, an American history series in VOA Special English.
    您是否对这篇资料想说点什么?欢迎评论或者纠错,或者提交填空题答案! 您也可以立即
    共有1人向本资料提供了听力原文,其中被采用了0篇,当前有0篇待审批,有1篇未被采用! 查看明细>>
    如果您有更好的听力原文,欢迎提供给大耳朵,如果被采用,您将获得20到100金币的奖励!
    VOA慢速5月份
    高瞻远瞩
    放眼全球
    推荐资源
    最新社区精华帖子更多>>
    • 走遍美国教学版
      走遍美国教学版
    • 哈利学前班[英语儿歌]
      哈利学前班[英语儿歌]
    • 海绵宝宝 英文版
      海绵宝宝 英文版
    • 风中的女王第1季
      风中的女王第1季
    经典学习方法更多>>
    听力资料目录导航
    听力测试 英语词汇 英语口语 考试英语 品牌英语 大学教材 其他教材 商务英语 广播英语 儿童英语
    历年中考听力
    初中中考模拟
    历年高考听力
    高考听力模拟
    历年四级听力
    历年六级听力
    四级听力模拟
    小学  初中
    高中  四级
    六级  考研
    托福  GRE
    星火记忆单词
    用Mp3背单词
    刘毅词汇记忆
    情景英语口语
    4+1听力口语
    出国实用会话
    英语口语8000句
    新东方900句
    美语听力与发音
    ABC到流利口语
    口译考试
    剑桥考试
    中高考考试
    大学四六级考试
    研究生考试
    公共英语考试
    英语专业考试
    新概念 六人行
    赖世雄 许国璋
    走遍美国 越狱
    疯狂英语 沛沛
    语法讲座 动感
    大山英语 探索
    千万别学英语
    大学英语听力
    大学英语精读
    全新版 21世纪
    新视野 实用综
    大学体验 新编
    成人自考 step
    Listen this way
    广州版小学英语
    广州版初中英语
    剑桥少儿英语
    朗文3L看听学
    Goforit新目标
    高中英语课本
    进阶听说教程
    商务英语300句
    VOA商务英语
    商业英语视频
    中级商务英语
    初级剑桥证书
    新编剑桥英语
    剑桥英语精华版
    2007年VOA慢速
    VOA中级美语
    美国习惯用语
    VOA流行美语
    澳广播英语讲座
    在线大学课堂
    VOA视频节目
    宝宝ABC
    棒棒英语
    哈哈美语
    LittleFox儿歌
    英语儿童故事
    380英语小故事
    1035个英语单词
    ?
    免责声明:本站只提供资源播放平台,如果站内部分资源侵犯您的权益,请您告知,我们会立即处理。
    Copyright © 2010-2017 大耳朵英语  京ICP备10010568号 | 京公网安备 11010802020324号

    微信扫一扫手机学英语 关闭
    微博扫一扫手机学英语 关闭
    北京赛车pk10基本走势图关闭
  • 哈萨克斯坦流行性脑膜炎致13死 中使馆提醒防范 2019-07-20
  • 我写文章不是为了别人的赞许,是为了讨论问题,让人有思考的价值,就像你网名一样,探寻真理。我并非就全盘赞成市场经济,只是在讨论它的合理性,在文中也提问,“既然我们 2019-07-18
  • 《脱身》热播 万茜化身“黄俪文”反差十足 2019-07-18
  • 五家渠市开展2018年春季动物疫病防控及畜牧业安全生产监督检查工作 2019-07-13
  • 端午节重庆小朋友齐手为大象制作超级大粽 2019-07-13
  • 【91期】裴勇佛教为什么成为“被商业化”的背锅侠 2019-06-11
  • 以政府拟严打“乱拍摄”以军行为 最高10年监禁 2019-06-11
  • 住房和城乡建设部部长王蒙徽:房价过快上涨势头得到有效抑制 2019-06-09
  • 马来西亚客机乌俄边界被击落 2019-06-05
  • 【学习时刻】清华大学国情研究院院长胡鞍钢:稳中求进不仅对中国有利,对全球也是重要贡献 2019-05-30
  • 吕岛的专栏作者中国国家地理网 2019-05-30
  • 特写:中国端午节文化走进韩国校园 2019-05-29
  • 如何制作、存储腌腊肉?闻着有“哈喇味”就千万别吃了 2019-05-26
  • 当故宫文化遇见“东方之珠” 将擦出怎样的火花? 2019-05-26
  • 江西省第33届“爱鸟周”正式启动 2019-05-05
  • 湖北快3奖金多少 澳洲幸运10什么彩票 北单投注方式 昨天贵州快三开奖结果查询 福建十一选五开奖结果一定牛 棋牌游戏欢乐升级 辽宁十一选五开奖直播现场 2012体育彩票销售 快乐扑克三开奖视频 来博娱乐城客服 中国福彩官方网站百度 博彩会员数据资料 好运快3免费计划 广东11选5开奖结果走势图 克拉克娱乐场开户注册 0.114942s